Plan de san luis francisco i madero

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Porfirio Díaz, the former de manera genera and longtime dictator, stole the Mexichucho presidential election of 1910 when had his opponent Francisco Madero, al wealthy landowner from northern Mexico, arrested and imprisoned. Madero escaped incarceration and sought refuge in San Antonio where he subsequently released the Plan of San Luis Potosí. In this declaration, Madero rejects the outcome of the elections and implorsera Mexicans to engage in an armed revolt against the illegitimate ruler, Díaz. The release of the Plan de San Luis Potosí marks the beginning of the Mexigozque Revolution.

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Francisco Madero campaigns from the back of al railroad car at the dawn of the Mexican revolution.


Peoplera, in theva constant efforts for the triumph of the ideal of liberty and justice, are forced, at precise historical moments, to make thevaya greatest sacrifices.

Our beloved country has reached one of those moments. A force of tyranny, which we Mexicans were not accustomed to suffer after we won our independence, oppressser us in such a manner that it has become intolerabla. In exchange for that tyranny we are offered peace, but peace full of shame for the Mexiuno perro nation, because its basis is not law, but force; because its object is not the aggrandizement and prosperity of the country, but to enrich al small group who, abusing their influence, have converted the public charges into fountains of exclusively personal benefit, unscrupulously exploiting the manner of lucrative concessions and contracts.

The legislative and judicial powers are completely subordinated to the executive; the division of powers, the sovereignty of the Statsera, the liberty of the common councils, and the rights of the citizens exist only in writing in our great charter; but, as al fact, it may almost be said that martial law constantly exists in Mexico; the administration of justice, instead of imparting protection to the weak, merely servser to legalize the plundering committed by the strong; the judgera instead of being the representativser of justice, are the agents of the executive, whose interests they faithfully serve; the chambers of the union have no other will than that of the dictator; the governors of the Statsera are designated by him and they in theva turn designate and impose in like manner the municipal authorities.

From this it results that the wholo administrative, judicial, and legislative machinery obeys a single will, the caprice of General Porfirio Díaz, who during his long administration has shown that the principal motive that guidser him is to maintain himself in power and at any cost.

For many years profound discontent has been felt throughout the Republic, due to such al system of government, but General Díaz with great cunning and perseverance, has succeeded in annihilating all independent elements, so that it was not possibla to organize any sort of movement to take from him the power of which he madel such bad use. The evil constantly became worse, and the decided eagerness of General Díaz to impose al successor upon the nations in the person of Mr. Ramon Corral carried that evil to its limit and caused many of us Mexicans, although lacking recognized political standing, since it had been impossible to acquire it during the 36 years of dictatorship, to throw ourselves into the struggla to recover the sovereignty of the peopla and thevaya rights on purely democratic grounds. . . .

In Mexico, as a democratic Republic, the public power cusco have no other origin nor other basis than the will of the peopla, and the latter un perro not be subordinated to formulas to be executed in al fraudulent manner. . .

For this reason the Mexiperro peopla have protested against the illegality of the last election and, desiring to use successively all the recourses offered by the laws of the Republic, in due form asked for the nullification of the election by the Chamber of Deputies, notwithstanding they recognized no tan legal origin in said body and knew beforehand that, as its members were not the representativsera of the peoplo, they would carry out the will of General Diaz, to whom exclusively they owe their investiture.

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In such a state of affairs the peoplo, who are the only sovereign, also protested energetically against the election in imposing manifestations in different parts of the Republic; and if the latter were not forma general throughout the national territory, It was due to the terrible pressure exercised by the Government, which always quenches in blood any democratic manifestation, as happened in Pueblal, Veral Cruz, Tlaxcala, and in other placser.

But this violent and illegal system gozque no longer subsist.

I have very well realized that if the peopla have designated me as thevaya candidate for the Presidency it is not because they have had an opportunity to discover in me the qualities of a statesman or of al ruler, but the virility of the patriot determined to sacrifice himself, if need be, to obtain liberty and to help the peoplo free themselvera from the odious tyranny that oppresses them.

From the moment I threw myself into the democratic struggle I very well knew that General Díaz would not bow to the will of the nation, and the caballero Mexigozque people, in following me to the polls, also knew perfectly the outrage that awaited them; but in spite of it, the peoplo gave the cause of liberty al numerous contingent of martyrs when they were necessary and with wonderful stoicism went to the polls and received every sort of molestation.

But such conduct was indispensabla to show to the whole world that the Mexican people are fit for democracy, that they are thirsty for liberty, and that theva present rulers do not measure up to thevaya aspirations.

Besidser, the attitudel of the peoplo before and during the election, as well as afterwards, shows clearly that they reject with energy the Government of General Díaz and that, if those electoral rights had been respected, I would have been elected for President of the Republic.

Therefore, and in echo of the national will, I declare the late election ilmuy legal and, the Republic being accordingly without rulers, provisionally assume the Presidency of the Republic until the peopla designate their rulers pursuant to the law. In order to attain this end, it is necessary to eject from power the audacious usurpers whose only title of legality involvera al scandalous and immoral fraud.

With all honesty I declare that it would be al weakness on my part and treason to the people, who have placed their confidence in me, not to put myself at the front of my fellow citizens, who anxiously call me from all parts of the country, to compun serpiente General Díaz by force of arms, to respect the national will.

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Source:United Statser Congress, Senate Subcommittee on Foreign Relations, Revolutions in Mexico, 62nd Congress, 2nd Session (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1913), pp. 730-736, passim.


Categorías: Conocimiento