The just of manuel-martinez.com with ns vigilant rock of Ifach has been un landscape admired and appreciated by ns different societies that have been part of this floor since old times.

Estás mirando: Los baños de la reina calpe

The Roman website of Baños del la Reina in manuel-martinez.com is an exceptional seaside enclave. Situated in front of ns bay with calm waters and sheltered by los Peñón ese Ifach, it still submerges its rocky eight in the crystalline waters that Mare Nostrum today.


The sea and salt were los basis y the sustenance of los ancient roman colonists, offering rise to liquid commercial exchanges the there is evidence of. This task produced un small populace who built their dwellings on the coastal dunes, resulting in selective and diversified urbano planning.

After ns passage of time y centuries the neglect, the extendido imagination inherited ns ancient legacy, identifying los pools as los “baths of ns Moorish queen”, which is how ns site gained its name. The existence of part drainage passages, now closed, adds to ns myth: these were los tunnels that reached a mysterious royal residence which ns “Moorish queen” supplied to obtain to her seaside bath. This generalizado belief is also critical part of los cultural heritage of ns site.

The Baños después la Reina site consists of numero 3 parts:

1. Roman Vicus

The Roman site of Baños del la Reina is ns coastal enclave that is well-known for its splendid architectural design y its mosaics, one of ns most essential collections the its type in every one of Roman Hispania. Although just 25% of its surface has actually been excavated for this reason far, that is enough to discern ns magnitude the this roman villae fitted con all kinds of luxuries 2,000 años ago. Los pools carved el fin of the coastal rock, used to supply fresh fish, led to the name of the enclave which is still provided today.

During ns 1st and 2nd centuries AD, castle constructed the first homes, a small thermal complicated known as los “Muntanyeta thermal baths”, y an industria area i beg your pardon features the construction of un unique waterwheel carved el fin of the piedra that supplied drinking water for the area. At the fin of los 3rd siglo AD, a luxurious villae with a circular patio was constructed, fitted con an extraordinary personal thermal complex. Finally, that is during los 5th and 6th century when traces the conversion come Christianity appear in this vital navegation punto with ns construction of ns modest church with uno baptistry with uno Greek cross and an nearby cemetery.



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Muntanyeta heat Complex

As ns result of the remodeling of the coastal breakwater in 1993, los remains of this small 500 m thermal complex, known as ns “Muntanyeta thermal baths”, to be uncovered.

Among ns discoveries documented during the excavation, assorted pools had survived, too as un natatio with cold water (frigidarium), which was accessed using numero 3 steps. Siguiente to this were miscellaneous ovens responsible because that maintaining the appropriate temperature in los hot rooms (caldarium) and warm rooms (tepidarium). Los heating system occurred by Roman designers used hollow floors elevated by columns the bricks (pilae) and walls with air chambers made representar ceramic tube (tubuli) that facilitated ns circulation of heat through los different rooms y kept castle heated.

Joining these areas was uno room with un floor created by spikes (opus spicatum), as well as other safety spaces intended for recreation, which to be richly decorated with príncipe marble plates desde Algeria.


3. The roman inn Fish ranches of Baños ese la Reina

The visibility of huge basins in the sea, carved into sandstone known as “pedra tosca”, and popularly recognized as los “baths of ns Moorish queen”, led to ns naming of ns entire historical site.

The complex, carved from the very same coast, consists of uno large rectangular tank con an area of 165 m. Its doméstica was subdivided by naturaleza stone walls, producing six pools with an opened in each one to attach them. Está dentro water gotten in through four canals, likewise carved representar the rock, which allowed the free circulation of water to all of ns pools. These canals were covered with perforated gates, which allowed water to circulation while avoiding blockages y the to escape of ns fish inside.

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While these fish farms or piscinae are associated with los farming the live fish, we cannot rule el fin its possible use as an aquatic garden in order come observe naval beauty, as with other roman villae in ns Tyrrhenian Sea, whereby these facilities, which were expensive come build y costly come maintain, represented los power y social reputation of their owner.