Ferry San Pedro Del Pinatar La Manga

*

Pedanías of san Javier, La Manga del Mar Menor

La Manga del Mar menor is located to ns east of los town of smo Javier, about cincuenta km to the south-east that the ciudad of Murcia, and consists of uno strip of floor which encloses the lagoon of los Mar Menor. This spit that land, separating ns Mar Menor representar the Mediterranean, is breached just by narrow networks or golas.

Estás mirando: Ferry san pedro del pinatar la manga

Today the is uno focal apuntar a for tourism task in the Mar Menor and is shared between the municipalities of smo Javier y Cartagena, the end closest to the mainland belonging come Cartagena, then transforming to ns jurisdiction of smo Javier part method along.

The background of humano habitation y activity on La Manga and in ns rest of the Mar menor area has always been dictated by the geological peculiarities that this “sleeve” (“Manga”) the land, i beg your pardon runs because that a enteramente length of 21 km from promontorio de palo in the sur to san Pedro ese Pinatar in the north.

The beginnings of its development lie in los Tertiary Era, dating to between 65 million and 1.7 million años ago, when ns Baetic mountains were gift formed y the area i beg your pardon is now ns Mar menos was an open up bay on ns Mediterranean coast. As un result of los folding y rising of los land over a period of around diez million

*
years, the basin of the bay to be filled with uno large amount of sediment representar the campo de Cartagena and the rivers i m sorry ran through it.

At los same time, a serie of volcano eruptions under the ~ ~ bed offered rise to los islands close come La Manga, the land mass of Calnegre y other little promontories. These locations of higher ground contributed to the naturaleza tendency of the marine currents from the phia băc to operación into capa de Palos, depositing un spit of sand i m sorry gradually prospered until it almost completely closed off the lagoon.

By around 2,000 years ago los Mar menos began come look raza to nowadays: it to be becoming un closed lagoon, linked to the Mediterranean by “golas” (small channels), y gradually came to be almost fully separated representar the “Mare Nostrum”, of i m sorry it had previously been un bay.

Prehistoric proof is scarce, return there room traces of Theropitecus Oswaldis, an early pre hominid, in los Cueva gana nearby in el Beal, dating to 2.5 million years ago and later top top Neanderthals are recognized to have inhabited ns Cabezo exceso de peso in Torre Pacheco, looking fuera across to the Mar Menor.

There is tiny to suggest permanent settlement, los most likely scenario being that groups of hunter-gatherers

*
travelled between the highest floor points of los area harvest molluscs and seafood, although over there is proof of ns late Neolithic negotiation at los Amoladeras (Cabo de Palos.)

One of ns most important historical finds within smo Javier is that of the debajo de la Campana Phoenician shipwreck, which is at this time undergoing excavation. This dates to around 600 BC y corroborates proof that Phoenician ship moored at los Estacio, the main entry punto into ns Mar Menor.(Click to check out the completamente history of san Javier)

San Pedro del Pinatar was critical trading harbor at this señalar in time, Greeks and Phoenicians taking benefit principally of ns shelter offered by ns sandy spit and the islands of Isla Grosa and Farrallón, and the subsequent sanctuary inside los Mar menor itself.

Other historical discoveries have actually been made beneath los water close to Punta después Pudrimel y Los Escolletes de Estacio back the abajo de la Campana is by far ns most important, yielding far-ranging quantities of trade goods y materials. Click bajo de la Campana for an ext information about this essential site.

*
Other sites have actually yielded roman material rápido indeed archaeologists discovered uno Roman wreck on optimal of ns Phoenician ship at bajo de la Campana, showing los volume of vessels passing v these waters during los Carthaginian y then ns Roman occupations.

The water of los lagoon has un high level of salinity, and the Romans took benefit of this natural characteristic come develop critical food-salting industry in ns area, creating the salt salinas in san Pedro de Pinatar y around ns shores of los Mar Menor.

They also developed salt fish industrial production, shipping garum, un pungent fish sauce, across ns Roman Empire, as well as exporting large quantities the silver, lead y other mineral extracted desde tmineworks in the sierra Minera, approximated to have actually employed 보다 35,000 slaves during its period of optimal activity.

*
The Moors took direccion of the Murcia area in AD713, contributing to los development that La Manga y the area of the Mar Menor, introducing fishing gadgets known together “encañizadas”. This were placed in the natural channels between ns Mar Menor and the Mediterranean, to catch fish in uno labyrinth of cages representar which they were unable come escape. Several of these systems room still used today to catch mullet y other types typical of los Mar Menor.

In los 16th century the shore of the Mar Menor y the rest of Murcia came to be unsafe, due to los frequent pirate raids launched desde the phia băc of Africa. Ns persistence of these attacks led blanco I and his ellos eran Felipe II come order ns construction of watchtowers along los shoreline, and one of this was set up in La Manga during ns first fifty percent of los 16th century. Ns tower, well-known as the Torre ese San Miguel, was a circular construction with its very own rainwater deposit, and was located in el Estacio. The was constructed using stone desde the road of smo Ginés de Orihuela, i beg your pardon is in between Torre ese la Horadada and Campoamor.

*
In 1571, Felipe II all set plans come build a larger fortress on Isla Grosa, but was at some point deterred representar doing for this reason by the general insecurity of ns area. Rather he ordered that the Torre de la Encañizada, that which part remnants space still visible, it is in built.

At this tiempo La Manga ese Mar menor was covered by extensive forests of pine, holm oaks, y yew trees, i beg your pardon were slowly felled during the Middle Ages. When, during ns 18th century, ns pirate raids began to peter out, ns coastline became un safer ar to live again, y the forests and bushes to be exploited commercially in bespeak to provide firewood y other products. This included to ns deforestation which the prevailing winds normally caused.

Ver más: El Tiempo En Isla De Lobos Island, El Tiempo En Isla De Lobos (Las Palmas)

*
In ns Chanchillería that Granada there is uno hand-drawn map which sheds some luz on how ns area would have looked in the 18th century. The mapa shows the tower at los Estacio y eight others on los inland shore of the Mar Menor, too as los three networks which linked the Mar menor to los Mediterranean.

La Manga de Mar menos que belonged to los State, but the laws freeing land of encumbrances in 1855 and mil ochocientos cincuenta y seis enabled the to ocurrir into private manos for los price of 31,000 reales (7,750 pesetas, or about cuarenta y seis euros). The new owners were los predecessors of los speculators who later on developed ns area y promoted los first structures on ns spit.

However, these nuevo owners quickly sold los land on: los Maestre family began to buy the up in ~ the fin of the 19th century. By ns decade of the 1950s ns northern end of La Manga was entirely owned by Tomás Maestre Zapata, the head of the family at the time. The southern end, nearer Cartagena, was conquered by a property well-known as ns “Encañizada después Marchamalo", which had actually been granted to josé Huertas in mil ochocientos sesenta y ocho in order because that him to establish un fishing service there, y was later gained by the mining patrón Francisco Celdrán.

Tomás Maestre: male of La Manga

*
In 1956, among Tomás Maestre Zapata’s nephews, Tomás Maestre Aznar, convinced his uncle to offer him his verdad in the phia băc of La Manga in stimulate to work on uno project the his own in the area.

Maestre Aznar was a lawyer life in Madrid, y in order for his plan to pertained to fruition he additionally needed floor in the southern half of La Manga: his idea was to build a general urbanization y construction destinadas for both los southern y northern consejos of ns spit, leaving an unspoilt area in los middle whereby the naturalmente landscape and ecosystem would certainly be preserved. After various año of corporación proceedings, disputes con his own family y negotiations con Celdrán, he eventually became los owner of ns whole that La Manga de Mar Menor, y began to revolve it into a fiesta destination y international traveler resort.

*
In 1961, with los land now debajo his ownership, los first urbanization task was begun under los supervision of los architect Antonio Bonet Castellano. La Manga fell under los jurisdiction of ns Town Halls of san Javier and Cartagena, y Maestre Aznar secured ns support of both, yet the verdadero seal that approval came with ns visit to ns area in mil novecientos sesenta y dos of manual Fraga Iribarne, the Minister because that Tourism. It to be he who, having actually seen los beaches of La Manga, gave sede government support to ns promotion that La Manga as uno centre for tourism. Sr. Fraga go on to have actually a largo political job both under Franco and in the era of democracy, no retiring together president of los Region the Galicia till 2005.

The to plan were finally passed in between 23rd July 1966 and 16th December mil novecientos sesenta y ocho by los Urbanism board of directors in Murcia, offering approval to two tourist centres, originally known as "Hacienda ese La Manga ese Cartagena" and "Hacienda del La Manga del San Javier".

The an initial Infraestructures in La Manga

The an initial urbanization y infrastructure job-related in La Manga consisted of two phases:

In Phase uno (1963-64) work-related was started on the gran Vía y adjacent roadways near los homes which were well-known as ese Cubanitos or Bungalows amable III, estudios Pantalla, Urbanización Marysol, Torre Júpiter, Bungalows tipo I and II, Urbanización quinta Avenida, conjunto Miramar and the Urbanización combinado Hexagonal,

*
known as the Torre Negra. This was un landmark for ns tourist ámbito in los Region that Murcia, together it was ns first time that that was straightforward to acquire un second patria for people to invest their holidays by the sea.

During Phase 2 (1964-65) work-related was perfect on the Bungalows tipo I y II and the investigar Pantalla, while a start was made on the Bungalows amable III, los Hotel Entremares and the centro Comercial Entremares.

From this apuntar a on ns landscape the La Manga después Mar menos began to take on the appearance it has now, with numerous breakthroughs right next to the beach, as well as bungalows, shopping centres, restoranes

*
and skyscrapers such as the "Torre Júpiter" and the "Torre Varadero".

By the start of the 1970's ns status that La Manga as a consolidated tourist destination was undisputed, and it ended up being internationally famous, appearing in vacaciones brochures all gastos generales Europe. During los decade ns Puerto deportivo Tomás Maestre to be built, also as ns plots that land y navigable canals at the northern fin of the spit, ns area that Veneziola and the Casino después Mar Menor.

However, during los 1970's, building faltered due to economic recession y much of the land to be partitioned off for sale, with many promotors y constructors gaining in on the act y taking top top parcels.

Construction became uno lot more haphazard, y concentrated, causing the totalmente destruction that the naturaleza coastline, irrevocably changing ns face of the barren spit the sandy land.

The La Manga strip was born.

Ver más: Los Rapidos Parque De Atracciones De Madrid, Parque De Atracciones De Madrid

Today the area remains extendido with tourists and holidaymakers, con beaches ~ above both the Mediterranean and Mar menos que coastline y hundreds of apartments available for rental throughout ns year.